Phoenix dactylifera

GENERAL STATEMENT OF SPECIES

DESCRIPTION

CULTURE

GENERAL STATEMENT OF SPECIES

Phoenix dactylifera L.
Date palm.
Middle-east and Northern Africa.
Very common

DESCRIPTION

Several trunks
Pinnate
More than 15 m.
Yes
Over 10 m.
No
Over 50 cm.
Dioicous plants

CULTURE

-10ºC
All types
Medium
Light
Pleno sol
Not recommendable
High
Yes
High
Low difficulty
High

This is a palm origally from north Africa where it is of prime importance economically. Nowadays hundreds of varieties can be found which are grown for the quality of its fruit.

Shoots tend to grow at the base of its trunk. Its leaves are a greyish green colour and its trunk is slimmer than that of the Phoenix canariensis.

It is very rustic and resistant to drought though you must remember the arabic saying that this palm loves to have its head in fire and its feet in water.

It does not tolerate the cold as well as Phoenix canariensis if the atmospheric humidity is high ( frequent rain in winter, etc.).

Historically it is believed to be one of the first plants to be cultivated by man. Records exist showing that it was grown in Mesopotamia over 6000 years ago. In fact Date palms guaranteed the survival of settlers as each and every part of it could be used. It gave them shade and a cooler spot, firewood, raw material to make furniture, mats and baskets, building material and, of course, food.