Trachycarpus fortunei

GENERAL STATEMENT OF SPECIES

DESCRIPTION

CULTURE

GENERAL STATEMENT OF SPECIES

Trachycarpus fortunei H. Wendl.
Windmill palm, Chusan palm.
Southeastern China, Taiwan.
Very common

DESCRIPTION

One trunk
Palmate
Less than 15 m.
No
Less than 3 m.
No
Less than 30 cm.
Dioicous plants

CULTURE

-17ºC
All types
Medium
Medium
Pleno sol
Not recommendable
High
Yes
Medium
Low difficulty
Medium

It is to be found in mountainous areas.

Previously known as Chamaerops excelsa, it is one of the most commonly planted palms in areas with a temperate climate all over the world as it is extremely resistant to the cold and highly adaptable to different kinds of soil. It has been cultivated in Europe since the end of the XIX century.

Its trunk remains covered under a dark brown coloured fibrous sheet and leaf remains for many years.

It has green leaves with finely serrated petioles. Its fruit is kidney-shaped.

Although it can tolerate drought it needs a cool, damp environment and rich, well-drained soil to thrive.

It is an excellent palm to be kept in a pot.

One variety of Trachycarpus fortunei is the so called T. fortunei var. wagnerianus which differs in that its leaves are much meder and erect. It also grows more slowly, particularly in the early stages of growth. It is more resistant to winds and is supposed to have similar horticultural needs.